By Saras kherwar
‘chankya’ also known as vishnugut and kautaliya ,was the first thinker who visualised the concept of ‘one nation’ during the period ,when country was split in kingdoms. kautaliya , then with his intelligence and strategy made these split kingdoms , together ,into one nation which was popularly called “aaryavarta” “.chankaya was the politician who attacked the Nanda dynasty and created a dynasty of his dreams which is one of the powerful dynasties of Indian History i,e Mauryan dynasty .He was the adviser of Mauryan king Chandragupt Maurya ,and prime minister of mauryan kingdom .Chankya was not only a shrewd statesman but he had profound knowledge of economy ,politics ,military strategy etc. he was also known as best professor of Takhseela gurukul(university )in Ancient India . His book Arthashastra is master piece of its own kind ,which guides how one can generate wealth . It covers a broad range of topics that includes economy ,politics , military strategy ,taxation , revenue sources , agriculture ,administration statecraft etc. .He had articulated and set an example in history that how a ruler should be and what they should do in public interests . kautilya made it clear that a king should not look at those things which pleases him but focus on the things that pleases his people and kingdom. He stated that a king has no individuality of his own ,he is for the people and of the people .Chankya stressed that having a wealthy economy and spiritual values is an integral part of ruler’s learning .He suggested that we should always stay away from four people greedy , coward , proudy ,and angry one . According to him spiritual development is a paramount of internal strength and character of individual ,material pleasure and achievement comes latter .